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December 2, 2010 Leave a comment

NASA has an announcement to make! You know what that means…
Is ET returning back home to check Genesis??? !!!
The government is finally going to clue us in about the little green men. Or maybe it’s something else, but we don’t think so.
NASA says it has an announcement to make on Thursday (today) regarding a discovery.

NASA says it will make the announcement during a news conference scheduled for Dec. 2 at 2 p.m. Eastern Time.

(02:00:00 p.m. Thursday December 2, 2010 in EST converts to 09:00:00 p.m. Thursday December 2, 2010 in Europe/Athens

The only clue they will give us right now is that it is an “astrobiology discovery.”

A NASA press release claims that the NASA discussion will involve an “astrobiology finding that will impact the search for evidence of extraterrestrial life. Astrobiology is the study of the origin, evolution, distribution and future of life in the universe.”

The news conference will be held at the NASA Headquarters in Washington and will be broadcast on NASA Television and on the agency’s website at http://www.nasa.gov/.

Conference participants will include Mary Voytek, director of Astrobiology Program at NASA Headquarters, Felisa Wolfe-Simon a NASA astrobiology research fellow from U.S. Geological Survey, Pamela Conrad an astrobiologist from NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center, Steven Benner a distinguished fellow from Foundation for Applied Molecular Evolution and James Elser a professor from Arizona State University.

εκπληκτικές φωτογραφίες απο το τηλεσκόπιο Χάμπλ
The Hubble Telescope’s Greatest Hits

update after the announcement from here

Scientists ‘follow the elements’ in the hunt for ‘weird life’ on Earth

TEMPE, Ariz. – Evidence that the toxic element arsenic can replace the essential nutrient phosphorus in biomolecules of a naturally occurring bacterium expands the scope of the search for life beyond Earth, according to Arizona State University scientists who are part of a NASA-funded research team reporting findings in the Dec. 2 online Science Express.

It is well established that all known life requires phosphorus, usually in the form of inorganic phosphate. In recent years, however, astrobiologists, including Arizona State University professors Ariel Anbar and Paul Davies, have stepped up conversations about alternative forms of life. Anbar and Davies are coauthors of the new paper, along with ASU associate research scientist Gwyneth Gordon. The lead author is Felisa Wolfe-Simon, a former postdoctoral scientist in Anbar’s research group at ASU’s School of Earth and Space Exploration and Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences.

“Life as we know it requires particular chemical elements and excludes others,” says Anbar, a biogeochemist and astrobiologist who directs the astrobiology program at ASU. “But are those the only options? How different could life be?” Anbar and Wolfe-Simon are among a group of researchers who are testing the limits of life’s chemical requirements.

“One of the guiding principles in the search for life on other planets, and of our astrobiology program, is that we should ‘follow the elements,'” says Anbar. “Felisa’s study teaches us that we ought to think harder about which elements to follow.”

Wolfe-Simon adds: “We took what we do know about the ‘constants’ in biology, specifically that life requires the six elements CHNOPS (carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen, phosphorus and sulfur) in three components, namely DNA, proteins and fats, and used that as a basis to ask experimentally testable hypotheses even here on Earth.”

From this viewpoint, rather than highlighting the conventional view of the “diversity” of life, all life on Earth is essentially identical, she says. However, the microbe the researchers have discovered can act differently.

Davies has previously speculated that forms of life different from our own, dubbed “weird life,” might even exist side-by-side with known life on Earth, in a sort of “shadow biosphere.” The particular idea that arsenic, which lies directly below phosphorous on the periodic table, might substitute for phosphorus in life on Earth, was proposed by Wolfe-Simon and developed into a collaboration with Davies and Anbar. Their hypothesis was published in January 2009, in a paper titled “Did nature also choose arsenic?” in the International Journal of Astrobiology.

“We not only hypothesized that biochemical systems analogous to those known today could utilize arsenate in the equivalent biological role as phosphate,” notes Wolfe-Simon “but also that such organisms could have evolved on the ancient Earth and might persist in unusual environments today.”

Wolfe-Simon, now a NASA astrobiology research fellow in residence at the U.S. Geological Survey, was one of the participants, along with Anbar, at a workshop titled “Tree or Forest? Searching for Alternative Forms of Life on Earth,” that was organized in December 2006 by the BEYOND Center, a “cosmic think tank” at ASU.

“That’s where it all began,” says Davies, a cosmologist, astrobiologist, theoretical physicist and director of the BEYOND Center.

“Felisa’s talk was memorable for being a concrete proposal,” Davies says. “Many of the talks at the workshop discussed searching for radically alternative forms of life with suggestions of the form ‘maybe something roughly like this,’ or ‘maybe a bit like that.’ But Felisa said, quite explicitly, ‘this is what we go look for.’ And, she did.”

“The idea was provocative, but it made good sense,” notes Anbar. “Arsenic is toxic mainly because its chemical behavior is so similar to that of phosphorus. As a result, organisms have a hard time telling these elements apart. But arsenic is different enough that it doesn’t work as well as phosphorus, so it gets in there and sort of gums up the works of our biochemical machinery.”

After leaving ASU, Wolfe-Simon began a collaboration with Ronald Oremland of the U.S. Geological Survey to chase down the hypothesis. Oremland was a natural choice to bring into the project because he is a world expert in arsenic microbiology. What Wolfe-Simon discovered is presented in the Science Express paper titled “A bacterium that can grow by using arsenic instead of phosphorus.”

The latest discovery is all about a bacterium – strain GFAJ-1 of the Halomonadaceae family of Gammaproteobacteria – scooped from sediments of eastern California’s Mono Lake, which is extremely salty with naturally high levels of arsenic.

In the laboratory, the researchers successfully grew microbes from the lake on a diet that was very lean on phosphorus, but included generous helpings of arsenic.

Key issues that the researchers needed to address were the levels of arsenic and phosphorus in the experiments and whether arsenic actually became incorporated into the organisms’ vital biochemical machinery, such as DNA, proteins and the cell membranes. A variety of sophisticated laboratory techniques was used to nail down where the arsenic went, including mass spectrometry measurements by Gordon at the W.M. Keck Foundation Laboratory for Environmental Biogeochemistry at ASU.

Commenting on the significance of the discovery, Davies says: “This organism has dual capability. It can grow with either phosphorous or arsenic. That makes it very peculiar, though it falls short of being some form of truly ‘alien’ life belonging to a different tree of life with a separate origin. However, GFAJ-1 may be a pointer to even weirder organisms. The holy grail would be a microbe that contained no phosphorus at all.”

Davies predicts that the new organism “is surely the tip of a big iceberg, and so has the potential to open up a whole new domain of microbiology.”

It is not only scientists, however, who will be interested in this discovery. “Our findings are a reminder that life-as-we-know-it could be much more flexible than we generally assume or can imagine,” says Wolfe-Simon, noting that because microbes are major drivers of biogeochemical cycles and disease this study may open up a whole new chapter in biology textbooks.

“Yet, this story isn’t about arsenic or Mono Lake,” Wolfe-Simon says. “If something here on Earth can do something so unexpected, what else can life do that we haven’t seen yet? Now is the time to find out.”

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NATA NATA TA KALA TA NEWS

December 4, 2009 Leave a comment

Αναρτήθηκε απο tlab

Σχετικα εδω, εδω

ΒΙΟΤΡΟΜΟΚΡΑΤΙΑΣ ΣΥΝΕΧΕΙΑ 3

November 19, 2009 Leave a comment

Ενα απο τα δραματικά θύματα του εμβολίου της γρίπης στις ΗΠΑ. Χτυπημένη από επιπλοκές στο νευρικό της σύστημα (δυστονία) για την υπόλοιπη ζωή της…

Σχετικό λίνκ με πλούσιο υλικό εδω και εδω
Παλαιότερες δημοσιεύσεις εδω

ΒΙΟΤΡΟΜΟΚΡΑΤΙΑΣ ΣΥΝΕΧΕΙΑ ΜΕΡΟΣ 2 (bioterrorism 2)

November 12, 2009 Leave a comment

Η Dr Rauni Kilde αποκαλύπτει σε ένα βίντεο-συνέντευξη τους στόχους των Παγκοσμιοποιητών για μείωση του Παγκόσμιου Πληθυσμού σε 2/5 και το ρόλο των εμβολίων κατά της γρίπης των χοίρων.

Λίγες μέρες πρίν αρχίσουν οι μαζικοί εμβολιασμοί του πληθυσμού στην χώρα μας με τα εμβόλια της γρίπης των “χοίρων”, η διεθνής κοινότητα παραμένει διχασμένη όσο ποτέ σχετικά με την επικινδυνότητα των εμβολίων αλλά και το ιστορικό του πως φτάσαμε ως εδω – ξανά. Φυσική η τεχνητή η παγκόσμια “αρρώστια”, ενας ακόμα μηχανισμός παγκόσμιου υπερκέρδους για τους φαρμακοβιομηχάνους, κάτι πολύ πιό σκοτεινό και απάνθρωπο;;
Η απόφαση είναι δική σας…

Κάποιοι λόγοι πoυ συνιστούν να μην πάρετε το εμβόλιο! Ο υδράργυρος, μια από τις πιο τοξικές ουσίες για τον ανθρώπινο οργανισμό, χρησιμοποιείται ως συντηρητικό στα εμβόλια. Αναφέρεται ως Thimerosal και περιέχει 50% ethyl mercury, οργανική σύνθεση του υδραργύρου.
Το πιο σοβαρό όμως είναι το γεγονός ότι ο υδράργυρος θεωρείται ύποπτος και για πρόκληση αυτισμού. Η εισαγωγή και η χρήση του Thimerosal ως συντηρητικού στις αρχές του 1930 συμπίπτει με την αρχική περιγραφή του αυτισμού στο τέλος του 1930 από τον παιδοψυχολόγο Leo Kanner, όπως αναφέρει ο J.T.Kent στην Ομοιοπαθητική Ιατρική (Μαρτ. 2003). Επίσης υπάρχει σύνδεση της νόσου Αλτσχάιμερ με τον υδράργυρο και το αλουμίνιο, που χρησιμοποιούνται ως συντηρητικά στα εμβόλια.
Οι χρόνιες παρενέργειες που αναφέρονται στη βιβλιογραφία είναι μεταξύ άλλων: χαλάρωση των οδόντων, νεφρική ανεπάρκεια, μυϊκός τρόμος, σπασμοί των άκρων, σοβαρές διαταραχές προσωπικότητας και πολλά συμπτώματα από το κεντρικό νευρικό σύστημα, όπως καταγράφει ο γιατρός Σπύρος Α. Κυβέλλος.
Το πιο σοβαρό όμως είναι το γεγονός ότι ο υδράργυρος θεωρείται ύποπτος και για πρόκληση αυτισμού. Η εισαγωγή και η χρήση του Thimerosal ως συντηρητικού στις αρχές του 1930 συμπίπτει με την αρχική περιγραφή του αυτισμού στο τέλος του 1930 από τον παιδοψυχολόγο Leo Kanner, όπως αναφέρει ο J.T.Kent στην Ομοιοπαθητική Ιατρική (Μαρτ. 2003). Επίσης υπάρχει σύνδεση της νόσου Αλτσχάιμερ με τον υδράργυρο και το αλουμίνιο, που χρησιμοποιούνται ως συντηρητικά στα εμβόλια.

Here are some reasons why you should not take this vaccine that the government keeps hyping up and pressuring you to take.
– Vaccines contain mercury, squalene and other chemical toxins, which damages your nervous system and your health altogether. This is scientific fact.
– Pharmaceutical companies are only out for profit. They are selling you the idea that you need their vaccine because that is their job to do so as greedy profit making companies. They know vaccines are harmful for you and yet continue to sell and make vaccines for profit and at the command of the government.
– The government knows the public is uninformed and is hoping to get as much people in fear as possible. When people are in fear they give their power and intellect away. This fear arises due to lack of information. If we had an informed public then not one single person would take this vaccine knowing that it is highly dangerous. The public is in a trance by the media who tells them to get the vaccine at the command of the pharmaceutical companies and Big Brother government who CONTROLS and OWNS the mass media in the first place. Their job is to do the bidding of these pharma companies and government agencies – to be their talking puppets brainwashing the masses on how to perceive reality and what to think.
– Baxter, which is a vaccine manufacturer, was caught earlier this year putting live bird flu in their vaccines in Austria. This obviously did not make headline news as they do not want you to be informed of what took place. However, if you do your own research you can find the information. It is out there. If they infected their vaccines with live bird flu what makes you think they wont do it with these vaccines?

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